ב"ה
Chabad invites you to celebrate
 SHABBAT 

This Shabbat we will be spending it at home.

Take advantage of these 25 hours to remove yourself from the uncertainty that surrounds us, and join millions of Jews around the world!

 

1) light candles together with the women in your family.
 
2) enjoy a family dinner with Kiddush challa and Jewish songs 
 
   3) let go of the technology and listen to your inner voice, your soul
 

 

Shabbat is the day that brings illumination to our world, which so often seems to be dark and negative. Furthermore, candles are a metaphor for Torah and for the human soul. The Shabbat candles represent the light we introduce into the world through studying Torah and observing its precepts. And they also represent the additional soul that our sages say we are given on Shabbat.

When We Light Them

In order to be sure that we do not kindle fire on Shabbat, the standard practice is to light the candles 18 minutes before the sun sets and the holy day begins (some communities do so even earlier). On holidays, when it is permitted to light one flame from another flame that was already lit, the candles can be lit even after sunset, provided that we do not strike a match and create a flame. When a holiday follows Shabbat or another holiday, the candles must be lit after nightfall
 

Who and How Many?

The basic custom is that the woman of the house lights two candles. Many women have the custom to add an additional candle for each child.

The age-old custom was that young girls also lit candles. This custom was all but lost in the poverty and displacement that followed World War I. In 1974, the Rebbe, Rabbi Menachem Mendel Schneerson, of righteous memory, encouraged all Jewish girls (from approximately three years of age) to light their own Shabbat and holiday candles with the consent of their parents.

Until marriage, girls light one candle. And the Rebbe encouraged parents to purchase a special candlestick just for them.

How to Light Shabbat Candles

Here is the basic candle-lighting procedure:

● Before the candle-lighting time, set up the candles. Tapers, oil lamps, tea lights, and most other standard candles are acceptable, provided that they burn long enough for you to enjoy their light after night has fallen.

● Put some money in a charity box and set the box aside.

● Light the candles (young girls light first, so that their mothers can assist them as needed).

● Don’t blow out the match. Instead, drop it onto a fireproof surface.

● Bring your hands to your face, and cover your eyes with your palms.

● Say the blessing

בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה אַדֹנָ-י אֱ-לֹהֵינוּ מֶלֶךְ הָעוֹלָם אֲשֶׁר קִדְּשָׁנוּ בְּמִצְוֹתָיו וְצִוָּנוּ לְהַדְלִיק נֵר שֶׁל שַׁבָּת קֹדֶשׁ

Transliteration: Baruch A-tah Ado-nai E-lo-hei-nu Me-lech Ha-olam A-sher Ki-de-sha-nu Be-mitz-vo-tav Ve-tzi-va-nu Le-had-lik Ner Shel Sha-bbat Ko-desh.

Translation: Blessed are You, Lord our G‑d, King of the universe, who has sanctified us with His commandments, and commanded us to kindle the light of the holy Shabbat.

● Glance at the candles and then whisper silent prayers for yourself, for your family, your community and for anyone and everyone in the world.

● Uncover your eyes and wish those around you, “good Shabbos” or “Shabbat shalom”!

● At this point you have accepted Shabbat upon yourself and no fire may be kindled or handled.

 
Shabbat candles Lighting time >>